"The Martini"

James Martin

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History | History

History | History

JFK's assassination aided by his bad back, records show - CNN

President Kennedy's lifelong struggle with back pain may have kept him from recoiling from Lee Harvey Oswald's first bullet, setting him up for the kill shot.

History | History

Battle of Tarawa in WWII 'the toughest battle in Marine Corps history' - Business Insider

The commander of the task force attacking Tarawa called Betio "a little Gibraltar" and said that "only the Marines could have made such a landing."

History | History

First World War composite photos bring past to life | The Week UK

Then-and-now images put snapshots of the Great War in a 21st century setting

History | History

5 Groundbreaking Firsts That Your History Books Lied About

It turns out that a whole lot of famous firsts are credited to the wrong people, due to politics, bad luck, or outright lies.

History | History

This woman’s portraits of wartime Greyhound passengers reveal faces of fatigue and resolve

World War II must have been exhausting, even on the home front. Beside the stress of waiting for loved ones to return from overseas, training for new jobs, or being forcibly detained, Americans were…

History | History

Why Colorizing Old Photos Requires a Ton of Research

Artists go out of their way to make the recreations authentic.

History | History

JFK’s last birthday: Gifts, champagne and wandering hands on the presidential yacht

The party aboard the Sequoia included dinner, dancing and the president's pursuit of a legendary Washington journalist's wife.

History | History

10 Facts About the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier

On Veterans Day, 1921, President Warren G. Harding presided over an interment ceremony at Arlington National Memorial. Since then, three more soldiers have been buried there—and one has been disinterred.

History | History

Look Inside the Sketchbook of a World War II Soldier

After serving in the Army, Victor Lundy went on to become a successful architect.

History | History

10 Relics From the Horse-Powered City Hiding in Plain Sight

You can still find reminders of the days when horse-drawn transportation reigned.

History | History

A rare copy of the Declaration of Independence has been found — in England

The only other parchment copy of the document that proclaimed the independence of America's 13 colonies is at the National Archives in Washington.

History | History

These Rare Color Photos From the Second World War Are Incredible

A new book published by the Imperial War Museum features a rare collection of color photos from World War II, some of which haven’t been seen in over 70 years. From P-51D Mustangs and Flying Fortresses through to anti-aircraft spotters and flame hurling

History | History

Last Doolittle Raider, 101, recalls attack 75 years later

CINCINNATI (AP) — At age 101, retired Lt. Col. Dick Cole says his memories are vivid of the Doolittle Tokyo Raiders mission that helped change the course of World War II.

History | History

Teacher traces dad's World War II past, finds 75-year-old plane wreckage

The story started to come together when Ken Elder Bledsoe organized the letters his father had written to his mother in 1942.

History | History

Memo to Donald Trump: Thomas Jefferson invented hating the media - The Washington Post

Jefferson is celebrated as a champion of a free press. But he also wrote that “nothing can now be believed which is seen in a newspaper."

History | History

Young man on a mission to honor World War II vets before it's too late

Calif. teen films veterans' stories so he can capture their experiences and honor their sacrifices

History | History

History classes are our best hope for teaching Americans to question fake news and Donald Trump

An education in history teaches students to question the stories that are handed to us.

History | History

George Washington’s Tent: 5 fascinating facts you didn’t know - Curbed Philly

A team has been working for years to conserve George Washington’s tent used during the American Revolutionary War. It will be on display at the Museum of the American Revolution.

History | History

Ship found in Arctic 168 years after doomed Northwest Passage attempt | World news | The Guardian

Exclusive: Perfectly preserved HMS Terror vessel sank during disastrous expedition led by British explorer Sir John Franklin

History | History

US Marines admit one of the men identified in Iwo Jima photo was the wrong man - as details emerge of real hero who took

The US Marines have resolved a longstanding question mark over the identities of the men in an iconic photograph from Iwo Jima, revealing the story of a Midwestern Private who went to his grave without ever claiming his role.

History | History

Photos combine images of Germany from WWII with today - Business Insider

The photographs artfully contrast the broad sweeps of Nazi propaganda and the devastation of the war in Berlin with the vibrancy of the city today.

History | History

Exactly the right words, exactly the right way: Reagan’s amazing Challenger disaster speech - The Washington Post

How the Great Communicator teamed with Peggy Noonan to soothe a shocked and grieving nation.

History | History

One of six seaplanes lost during the 1941 attack on Pearl Harbor - StarTribune.com

HONOLULU – New images of a large U.S. Navy seaplane that sank during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor show a coral-encrusted engine and reef fish swimming in and out of a hull.

History | History

After 74 years, sailors from ship sunk at Pearl Harbor, may finally come home - StarTribune.com

OFFUTT AIR FORCE BASE, Neb. – Inside an old aircraft factory here, behind the glass windows of a pristine laboratory, the lost crew of the USS Oklahoma rests on special tables covered in black foam.

History | History

10 things you (probably) didn’t know about the Second World War

1) France had more tanks, guns and men than Germany in 1940 It is always assumed that during the Second World War the Germans bludgeoned their way to victory with a highly modern and mechanised army and Air Force that was superior to anything the Allies c

History | History

We Toured Thomas Jefferson’s Rotunda at the University of Virginia. Here’s What We Learned About Its Secrets Discove

Brian Hogg, senior historic preservation planner at the University of Virginia, thought they had discovered almost everything there was to know about the rotunda on campus, which was originally built by Thomas Jefferson who founded the university in 1819

History | History

A 103-year-old cracker from the Titanic just sold for $23,000

Someone just turned what could be the world's oldest cracker into the world's most expensive cracker.

History | History

Is this proof Alcatraz escapees are alive?

IN JUNE 1962, three inmates shimmied through a hole they’d chiselled into the walls of Alcatraz prison and climbed up to the roof.

History | History

CIA confirmed Oswald contacted Cubans, Soviets before assassination, memo shows - Washington Times

Three days after John F. Kennedy was shot and killed in Dallas, U.S. intelligence officials told President Lyndon B. Johnson that they had confirmed that assassin Lee Harvey Oswald had recently traveled to Mexico City to visit both the Cuban and Soviet em

History | History

College Board gives in and adds 'American exceptionalism' to AP U.S. history

College Board has implemented a reworking of the AP U.S. History course curriculum to include "American exceptionalism."

History | History

The Apollo mission space patches were out of this world (sorry)

Russian cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova wore the very first spacesuit patch in 1963 for the Vostok 6 mission. Fun fact: Her orange coverall hid the patch from public view. NASA continued the tradition in 1965 when Gordon Cooper, the command pilot on Gemini 5, designed one for the mission.

History | History

Why Did Yankee Doodle Call a Feather ‘Macaroni’?

Yankee Doodle went to town...Mm-hm, yeah.
Riding on a pony...Ok.
Stuck a feather in his cap and called it macaroni...Wait. What?

History | History

Spectacular photos of the US Navy's most powerful battleship ever

This is the USS Iowa, the first of the largest, most powerful battleship class ever in the United States Navy, equipped with nine 16-inch (406mm) guns that could fire nuclear shells—the only American ship in history with this capability. This photo seri

History | History

Betsy Ross Probably Didn't Sew the First Flag | Mental Floss

In honor of Flag Day, we thought it was time you knew the truth: Everything you know about how the stars and stripes came to be crafted may be a lie.

History | History

Amazing Color Photos of France After D-Day | Mental Floss

In stunning color, here's a look at life in France in the summer of 1944.

History | History

10 Already Obsolete Things Included in the 5000-Year Westinghouse Time Capsule | Mental Floss

The site of the 1939 World’s Fair is home to a time capsule that was put in the ground in 1938 and is due to be unearthed and opened in the year 6939. The “Immortal Well” that houses the capsule is located in the Westinghouse Pavilion of the fairgrounds in Queens, New York, and remains untouched to this day.

History | History

When Arthur Conan Doyle Tried Solving a Real Mystery | Mental Floss

Doyle, who was born 156 years ago today, had found himself embroiled in a case that captured worldwide media attention for the fact that he, and not his famous sleuth, was trying to solve it. In 1906, a man named George Edalji was freed from prison after being sentenced for the crime of animal cruelty.

History | History

The original Mad Men were just as dapper, but not as drunk

The real Mad Men of the '50s dressed just as dapper, and drank just as much as the show suggested. But no more than everyone else...

History | History

How early 20th century America played and worked, in color

These Autochromes - the first commercially available color photographic process - were taken by National Geographic Society photographers. The Society eventually moved on to other slightly more advanced photographic processes and finally to Kodachrome by 1938, but not before amassing a collection of more than 12,000 Autochromes.

History | History

This Is the Nixon Speech Don Draper Was Watching on 'Mad Men'

Few things can place a fictional story on a real-world timeline better than a Presidential speech can. In the case of the Sunday night mid-season premiere of Mad Men, the background appearance of a speech by Richard Nixon dates one scene precisely, at April 30, 1970, around 9 p.m. Eastern, when Nixon addressed the nation.

History | History

WWI graffiti discovered deep underground. ‘All these guys wanted to be remembered.’ - The Washington Post

The century-old etchings, discovered in a chalk quarry in France, include the names of hundreds of soldiers, including some Americans.

History | History

English gardener unearths WWII bunker in back yard

"My wife came out and I'd unearthed this air raid shelter. She couldn't believe it, she thinks I'm crazy," said frustrated gardener Jim Clark.

History | History

New genetic map of the UK shows which invasions created Britain's DNA

Britain has a long history of invasions: over the past two millennia, various armies from the Romans to the Anglo-Saxons conquered the bulk of the British Isles. A new genetic analysis of the...

History | History

15 Last Survivors of Famous Events | Mental Floss

Here are 15 people who not only made history, but got to tell the tale for decades. No matter how many people are involved in an important event, one of them has to be the last to leave this earth. Here are 15 people who not only made history, but got to tell the tale for decades to come.

History | History

All 43 Presidents, Ranked by How Hard They Partied

You want to know who the "Gentleman Boss" president was. Trust us.

History | History

USS Arizona's oldest survivor dies at 100

Joe Langdell was working as a junior accountant in Boston when he got the idea that he should join the Navy and go to sea. It was 1940 and America edged closer every day to joining the war that raged in Europe.

History | History

Creepy Medical Supplies Found Amid Wreckage Of Pirate Blackbeard's Ship

Ahoy! Archaeologists excavating pirate Blackbeard's sunken ship, named Queen Anne's Revenge, recently unearthed from the wreckage various medical devices--and some of them look pretty darn terrifying. Among the grisly finds were a urethral syringe...

History | History

Divers begin recovery of Civil War ironclad before deepening of channel - CNN.com

The deepening of the shipping channel in Savannah, Georgia, won't be dredging up just mud and sand. It will be raising up an ironclad from the Civil War.

History | History

31 Rolls of Undeveloped Film from a Soldier in WWII Discovered and Processed

Photographer Levi Bettweiser is the man behind the Rescued Film Project, an effort to find and rescue old and undeveloped rolls of film from the far corner

History | History

10 Unsolved Mysteries From World War II - Listverse

In a global conflict on the scale of World War II, there are a lot of things that slip through the cracks. Whether it's something that we refuse to admit or simply something so foreign and bizarre...

History | History

Revolutionary war-era time capsule found in Massachusetts state house | US news | The Guardian

Researchers to use x-rays to determine contents of box historians believe Samuel Adams, Paul Revere and others placed in 1795

History | History

The Final Days of King Charles II - Neatorama

The following article is republished from Uncle John's Ahh-Inspiring Bathroom Reader.Next time you feel yourself coming down with a cold, thank your lucky stars for 21st-century medicine.MONDAYOn the morning of February 2, 1685, King Charles II of England

History | History

In 2014, countries are still paying off debt from World War One

It has been 100 years since the start of the First World War, which was fought for four years and claimed the lives of more than 6000 soldiers a day. Countries in Europe began marking the centenary earlier this year and the Tower of London, pictured abo

History | History

The Forgotten History of Russia’s California Colony | Mental Floss

From Sacramento to Los Angeles, Spain’s colonial fingerprints are plain to see throughout present-day California. But did you know that in the 18th century, Tsarist Russia carved out her own slice of this future state?

History | History

Newly-Declassified CIA Document Says Ben Franklin Was A Security Risk

Benjamin Franklin was a man of many talents—but safeguarding state secrets was not among them. According to a recently released article by a CIA analyst, when Franklin was on a diplomatic mission in France, he allowed his offices to be penetrated by Bri

History | History

White House fence has evolved, from a wrought-iron decoration to a line of defense - The Washington Post

As security features proliferate near iconic mansion, 1965 barrier remains a symbol of cautious openness.

History | History

Did Pirates Really Make People Walk the Plank? | Mental Floss

Happy Talk Like a Pirate Day, mateys! Abstain from this nautical celebration and you’ll likely be told to “Go walk the plank” by some eye patch-wearing devotees.

History | History

Why Did People Wear Powdered Wigs? | Mental Floss

For nearly two centuries, powdered wigs—called perukes—were all the rage. The chic hairpiece would have never become popular, however, if it weren’t for a venereal disease, a pair of self-conscious kings, and poor hair hygiene.

    History | History

    10 (More) Gorgeous Colorized Photos That Put History In A New Light

    For the history buffs of the world, we imagine there are few experiences as fulfilling as poring over volume after volume of black-and-white photographs, hunting for that rare shot of a notable figure or iconic location. As for the rest of us, we...

    History | History

    Richard III Cause Of Death: Two Blows To The Head

    By Kate Kelland LONDON (Reuters) - Scientists in Britain have given blow-by-blow details of King Richard III's death at the Battle of Bosworth more than 500 years ago and say two of many blows to his bare head could have killed him very...

    History | History

    We Are All Americans: The World's Response to 9/11 | Mental Floss

    In the aftermath of the 9/11 attacks, people all over the world stood shoulder-to-shoulder in mourning, solidarity, sympathy and friendship with the people of the United States. Here are a few of those international reactions, both organized and spontaneo

    History | History

    60 of History’s Strangest Royal Epithets | Mental Floss

    For every William the Conqueror there’s a Vlad the Impaler. And for every Richard the Lionheart there’s an Albert the Peculiar. Sixty of the most bizarre—and in some cases the most unflattering—epithets from history are listed here.

    History | History

    200 Years Ago Today: The Burning of Washington, D.C.

    (Mural by Allyn Cox, U.S. Department of State)Two hundred years ago, the United States was locked in a bitter struggle against the British Empire known as the War of 1812. For the new republic, the stakes were profoundly high. This became especially clear

    History | History

    Missing POW’s Remains Returned to His Widow 63 Years After His Death | KTLA

    Army Sgt. 1st Class Joseph Gantt told his wife to remarry if he didn’t come back from the war. She told him no. He had a hard enough time getting her to say yes. He was it.

    History | History

    The 40th Anniversary of Richard Nixon's Resignation in Pictures. - NationalJourn

    From the Watergate break-in to Nixon's departure from the White House lawn and eventual pardon. 

    History | History

    Theodore Van Kirk, 93, Enola Gay Navigator, Dies

    Mr. Van Kirk, a navigator, guided a flight that, six-and-a-half hours after takeoff, reached Hiroshima with its atomic bomb just seconds behind schedule.

    History | History

    The hallowed ground of World War I, then and now.

    Today marks 100 years since the start of WW I. Here are some of the places that endured through the war and what they look like now.

    History | History

    15 Twitter Accounts for History Buffs

    We’ve covered word nerds; now, follow a few twitter accounts that will satisfy your historical curiosity.

    History | History

    Historic Reenactments: The Oldest Form Of Storytelling?

    One of the oldest forms of storytelling is that of re-enactment, donning the costumes of the story's subjects, miming their actions, performing a narrative before a live audience

    History | History

    ‘Brawny and Buoyant’: A Portrait of West Coast Youth of the 1950s | LIFE | TIME.com

    Color photos from a 1951 LIFE magazine feature on 'splendidly healthy West Coast youth' from Southern California to Puget Sound.

    History | History

    What Did Aaron Burr Do After Shooting Alexander Hamilton?

    This week marks the 210th anniversary of the Burr-Hamilton duel. SPOILER ALERT: Burr won.

    History | History

    ISIS Is About to Destroy Biblical History in Iraq

    Iraqi antiquities officials are calling on the Obama administration to save Nineveh and other sites around jihadist-occupied Mosul. But are drone strikes really the answer?

    History | History

    Preserving America's military legacy is Job One for historian

    The excitement Rodney Hilton Brown felt as a young boy searching for rusty Revolutionary War relics in forgotten Philadelphia attics has only deepened in his obsessive quest for iconic artifacts that tell the story of America’s bravery and cou

    History | History

    Louis Zamperini, inspiration for 'Unbroken,' dead at 97

    Louis   Zamperini , who was a World War II prisoner of war survivor as well as former Olympic distance runner, has died. He was the subject of Lauren Hillenbrand's book, “Unbroken,” which was adapted into a film by the Coen brothers, and

    History | History

    Report points to photo as possible new clue to Amelia Earhart's fate

    A recently surfaced photo of Amelia Earhart’s plane, captured by the Miami Herald in 1937, could offer crucial evidence regarding the famous aviator’s disappearance.

    History | History

    The War to End All Wars? Hardly. But It Did Change Them Forever.

    World War I destroyed kings, kaisers, czars and sultans; it demolished empires; it introduced chemical weapons; it brought millions of women into the work force.

    History | History

    Why History Can’t Get Custer Right

    Love or hate General George Armstrong Custer, there’s one thing Americans haven’t been able to do: ignore him. 138 years after his death during the June 25-26 Battle of Little Bighorn — his pass

    History | History

    Abandoned Checkpoints Awaken the Ghosts of a Pre-EU Europe - Architizer

    The incredibly intricate political battles that followed the 20th century's world wars are often overlooked in Europe's current era of porous borders. But merely decades ago, fortifications and roadblocks proliferated across the continent to delin

    History | History

    How the inventor of strobe photography gave D-Day the go-ahead (Wired UK)

    Harold Edgerton was an artist, creating iconic photographic works that hand in galleries around the globe today. He was also an MIT professor called in when World War 2 began, specifically to create a new technique that would see Normandy photographed und

    History | History

    70 years later, D-Day vet Jim 'Pee Wee' Martin jumps again"

    Normandy, France (CNN) -- Jim "Pee Wee" Martin acted like he'd been here before, like jumping from a plane is as easy as falling off a log. Maybe that's because he had -- 70 years ago

    History | History

    Are Colorized Photos Rewriting History?

    There's been an explosion in the number of colorized photos lately. People find old black-and-white photos online, and meticulously add color to give us a new perspective on history. But recently one colorized image caught my eye after it was tweeted

    History | History

    How Mad Men-Era Americans Imagined the World Would Look In 1970

    The AMC show Mad Men is in its final season, with its mid-season finale (yeah, I don't know what that means exactly either) airing this past Sunday. The show started with 1960 as its backdrop, and we now see characters in the world of 1969. A lot chan

    History | History

    Rest in Peace: Wartime Relics Reclaimed by the Land and Sea - NBC News

    German photographer Dietmar Eckell traveled to 14 countries, photographing abandoned and decaying military installations and equipment.

    History | History

    Memorial Day 2014: WWII vet remembers one that was left behind

    More than six decades after he left military service at the end of World War II, Bill Howland still tears up at one particularly bad memory among many bad memories. An Army medic, he removed the leg...

    History | History

    Exclusive: Found after 500 years, the wreck of Christopher Columbus’s flagship the Santa Maria

    More than five centuries after Christopher Columbus’s flagship, the Santa Maria, was wrecked in the Caribbean, archaeological investigators think they may have discovered the vessel’s long-lost remains – lying at the bottom of the sea off the north

    History | History

    The Day the Royal Navy Ended its Daily Rum Ration

    Rum isn't just the preferred drink of pirates: For more than 300 years, the booze was also part of the daily rations of sailors in Britain's Royal Navy.

      History | History

      Photos: Faces of World’s Fair Enthusiasts - Metropolis - WSJ

      For the first time in 27 years, the general public was allowed inside the New York State Pavilion in Flushing Meadows Corona Park Tuesday in honor of the 50th anniversary of the 1964 World’s Fair...These portraits by photographer Mark Abramson show off the mix of people who attended the event, some of whom went as children to the World’s Fair in 1964 and 1965.

      History | History

      Amazing Photos Celebrate The 50th Anniversary of the New York World's Fair

      In 1964, the New York World's Fair opened with radical technologies and dazzling futuristic displays.

      Fifty-one million visitors descended on Flushing Meadows Park in Queens, N.Y. over two six-month seasons in 1964 and '65 to experience innovations like "picturephones," lunar crawlers and Belgian waffles. The Ford Times called it "a lively and lavish concoction of spectacular entertainment."

        History | History

        10 inventions that owe their success to World War One

        The zip, the sanitary towel and the veggie sausage are just three of the products invented or popularised in the war of 1914-1918.

          History | History

          Houston, We've Got an Auction: Apollo 13 Astronaut's Mementos to be Sold

          Apollo 13 memorabilia belonging to the late astronaut Jack Swigert is auction-bound, 44 years after a last-minute change landed him aboard the ill-fated flight. The mementos are being put up for sale by Swigert's family.

              History | History

              Historic black and white photos of New York City - Lost At E Minor: For creative people

              The Atlantic, which has to be the finest magazine in America, have compiled a remarkable collection of photos from the newly released database of the New Y

                History | History

                Fantastic 120-Year-Old Color Pictures of Ireland

                Vivid vintage pictures of Ireland taken between 1890 and 1900, courtesy of the Library of Congress.

                  History | History

                  'Band Of Brothers' Vet William Guarnere Dies At 90

                  PHILADELPHIA (AP) — William "Wild Bill" Guarnere, one of the World War II veterans whose exploits were dramatized in the TV miniseries "Band of Brothers," has died. He was 90.

                      History | History

                      Teddy Roosevelt: 90-pound Weakling?

                      This Presidents Day article is from the book Uncle John's Bathroom Reader Plunges Into the Presidency.Legendary for his tremendous energy and physical activity as president, Teddy Roosevelt might have been the original 90-pound weakling who spent his yout

                        History | History

                        5 Other Americans Who Were Kinda, Sorta President

                        Students might not have to memorize these names when they're learning all the presidents, but these people were closer than a heartbeat away.

                        History | History

                        State of Union address has a long history of unusual, continuing changes

                        The viewership numbers for the State of the Union address on Tuesday night will hardly competes against an NFL championship game or most other major competitions in sport-obsessed American.

                          History | History

                          Today in History

                          Today is Monday, Jan. 27, the 27th day of 2014. There are 338 days left in the year. Today's Highlight in History: On Jan. 27, 1944, during World War II, the Soviet Union announced the complete end of the deadly German siege of Leningrad, which had lasted

                            History | History

                            100-Year-Old Color Photos of Pre-Revolution Russia

                            If you've ever wondered what Russia looked like shortly before the revolution but aren't satisfied with black and white photos, you owe Sergei Mikhailovich Prokudin-Gorskii a debt of thanks.

                              History | History

                              There Are Only 22 Countries in the World That the British Haven’t Invaded

                              Of the almost 200 current member states (and one observer state) of the United Nations, the British have, at some point in history, invaded and established a military presence in 171 of them.This is what British historian Stuart Laycock learned after hi

                                History | History

                                How The Ruins Of Europe Built A Major Road In America

                                To say Europe was in ruins after World War II would be using understatement. Cities were destroyed. Villages were obliterated. Societies themselves would take decades of rebuilding. Out of all that rubble, though, emerged one road in New York that's o

                                  History | History

                                  World War II era Japanese submarine found off Hawaii coast

                                  Scientists have discovered a torpedoed World War II era Japanese sub off the coast of Hawaii — and scientists say it is

                                      History | History

                                      What If JFK Had Lived? : DNews

                                      An alternate history of Vietnam, the civil rights movement and the president's affairs are explored.

                                        History | History

                                        Tough campaign? Much worse in 1800 - CBS News

                                        60 Minutes on CBS News: Tough campaign? Much worse in 1800 - On the eve of the elections, popular author and historian David McCullough guides Morley Safer on an American historical journey

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